4.8 Glossary - IELTS Collocations

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confront issues

confront issues /kənˈfrʌntˈɪʃjuːz/

to try to analyse and explain problems or differences relating to a topic or idea

  • The book attempts to confront a number of issues that have arisen in the field over the last few decades.

critical analysis

critical analysis /ˈkrɪtɪkələˈnælɪsɪs/


a piece of writing, e.g. essay or article that is very detailed and tries to find problems, faults etc. with a piece of work

  • The essay gives a critical analysis of international trade agreements.


deal with a problem

deal with a problem /ˈdiːəlˈwɪðəˈprɒbləm/

try and solve a problem

Work's pretty stressful at the moment. We're dealing with a lot of problems.

dire consequences

dire consequences /ˈdaɪəˈcɒnsəkwensɪz/

extremely bad results from something

  • Failure to reach an agreement between the two countries will have dire consequences, with war a likely outcome.

draconian measures

draconian measures /drəˈkeʊniənˈmeʒəz/

action taken by an authority to prevent something which is seen as extremely severe

  • There has been widespread criticism of the police's draconian measures to stop the protests.


evidence emerges

evidence emerges /ˈevɪdənsˈəˈmɜːdʒɪz/

describes new evidence being made available to the public, especially through the press or courts

  • Evidence has emerged that the government was involved in the torture of prisoners.

experience a fall

experience a fall /ɪɡˈspɪeriːənsəˈfɔːl/

used to describe something becoming lower or higher in number or amount

  • It is predicted that sales will experience a fall next year as economic growth continues to decline.


fierce competition

fierce competition /ˈfɪesˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃən/

describes two groups trying to win against each other by competing very strongly, especially used to describe competition between businesses

  • The company saw it's profits fall by 20% owing to fierce competition from rival stores.

fundamentally different

fundamentally different /ˈfʌndəmentəliˈdifrənt/

different in the most important parts

  • The approach I took to this essay was fundamentally different to my last one


get sacked

get sacked /ˈɡetˈsækt/

to lose your job because you perform badly or do something that is against the rules

  • He got sacked for repeatedly being late for work.

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