7.1 Glossary - Key language concepts
Understanding words used to describe language and grammar will help you to improve your understanding of English more rapidly. This is a glossary of the most important terms used on this course.
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A clause that adds information about a main clause. It therefore cannot stand alone without a main clause. These are often introduced with linking words:
A linking word which introduces a finite subordinate clause:
A verb which must immediately be followed by an object noun phrase. In the following sentences the transitive verb is highlighted in bold and the object noun phrases in italics.
On the other hand, intransitive cannot be followed by an object noun phrase:
Online dictionaries usually indicate whether a noun is transitive [T] or intransitive [I]. Some verbs can be both depending on the sense and context that they are being used in.
A noun which you are not able to count and which therefore does not take a plural form:
There are two definitions of verb phrase that people use. One is to describe a phrase which is made completely of verbs. For example the phrases highlighted in italics in the following sentence:
Sometimes people use the term verb phrase to refer to a verb and any object that follows it: