7.1 Glossary - Key language concepts
Understanding words used to describe language and grammar will help you to improve your understanding of English more rapidly. This is a glossary of the most important terms used on this course.
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These are words that help to link ideas expressed in clauses and sentences together.
They allow sentences to link together smoothly and allow the writer to avoid sounding repetitive. Compare these sentences:
A combination of words in a language, that happens very often and more frequently than would happen by chance.
For example, blonde + hair is a collocation. However, yellow + hair is not a collocation. Another example of a collocation is show + increase, e.g. The chart shows an increase in the number of students applying for university last year. However, present + increase is not a collocation and is therefore not accurate vocabulary usage.
A collocation dictionary allows you to search the different collocations that a word has.
a word that refers to an object which is not the name of a particular person, place or thing
Compare these to proper nouns which refer to the names of people, places and things and must be capitalised:
A word formed by putting more than one word together. Here are some examples:
Words that connect two main clauses together or add extra information to a particular phrase. Here is an example of conjunctions being used to add additional information to phrases:
Here is an example of coordinating conjunctions connecting two main clauses:
The main coordinating conjunctions are 'and', 'but' and 'or'.