7.1 Glossary - Key language concepts
Understanding words used to describe language and grammar will help you to improve your understanding of English more rapidly. This is a glossary of the most important terms used on this course.
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A verb in a sentence that cannot be changed (inflected) for tense, person etc. These verbs usually follow finite verbs. In the following sentence 'have' is finite and 'been' and 'planning' are non-finite:
A kind of finite subordinate clause that functions as the object of certain verbs (e.g. believe, hope) adjectives (e.g. clear, evident) or nouns (fact, shame). As they are finite, they always have a subject and verb and sometimes an object. They are often introduced with 'that'. The noun clauses are highlighted in the sentences below:
A word or group or words that acts as a subject or object within a sentence.
Noun phrases in subject position:
Noun phrases in object position: